Tuesday, June 12, 2007

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)

Lately, the use of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) have turned out to be one of the most commonly used techniques in mesothelioma diagnosis. Here, mesothelioma patients are usually put under general anesthesia, and then several small ports are cut through the wall of the chest,in the case of pleural mesothelioma. Then a small camera, through a scope is inserted into one of the incision, and tissues specimens or samples are retrieved from other openings using other surgical instruments. In several cases, thoracotomy can be replaced by this video-assisted technique, which needs a much bigger port to get access to the chest cavity, and because of its minimal invasion, mesothelioma patients usually have less pain after the procedure and a short time to recover. Thoracotomy has been used in peritoneal mesothelioma.


For pleural mesothelioma the surgeon may need to view the inside of the chest cavity with an instrument known as a thoracoscope. An incision is made through the wall of the chest and the thoracoscope is inserted into the chest between two ribs. Treatment for mesothelioma patients are often times carried out in a hospital with simply a local anesthetic.

If there is accumulation of fluid in the chest, for pleural mesothelioma your doctor may have to drain the fluid by inserting a needle into the chest and gentle remove it using suction pressure. This is known as thoracentesis.


In the case of peritoneal mesothelioma, the surgeon may also need to look inside the abdomen with an instrument called a peritoneoscope. The peritoneoscope is inserted into an incision made in the abdomen. This test is often times done under a local anesthetic.

If there is peritoneal effusion, as usual in case of peritoneal mesothelioma, the surgeon may also need to drain the fluid, by inserting a needle into your abdomen and gently remove the fluid using suction pressure. This procedure is known as paracentesis.

Mesothelioma open lung biopsy

Open lung biopsy is a surgery performed to take a little tissue piece from the lung. The specimen is afterwards investigated for mesothelioma cancers, an infection or any other lung disease. This can also be called open lung surgery.

Reasons for performing this technique:

This open lung biopsy is performed or carried out to analyize pleural mesothelioma of the lungs viewed on x-ray or CT scan.

The test is carried out by what way:

Open lung biopsy is usually carried out by a mesothelioma doctor in an operation room under general anesthesia, this simply means free from pain and possibly asleep. Usually, a tube is passed through the mouth into the windpipe down into the lungs.

Afterward,the skin is cleaned, and the mesothelioma doctor makes an incision in the chest area, in order to remove a little piece of lung tissue. This little incision is then dressed and closed with stitches.

Also a chest tube might be inserted and left for around 1 to 2 days in order to guard against the callapsing of the lungs.

In preparing for test, patients should report to the mesothelioma doctor or health care provider in cases of pregnancy, allergy to certain medications, and any bleeding problem. Patients should report to the health care team the undergoing medications.

At times, you may be told not to eat or drink for about 8 to 12 hours prior to the procedure.

Often times, when patients wake up, they usually feel drowsy for so many hours. Mild sore throat may also be noticed as a result of the tube. Patients also feel certain discomfort and pain at the site of incision.

The risks involved are simply the possibility of infection or leakage of air into the chest. The risk anyway are based on if or not you have pleural mesothelioma.

A normal result in a pleural mesothelioma case, the lungs and tissue will be normal, that is free from mesothelioma cancers.

Abnormal results may show mesothelioma cancers, and some other infections.

Cytological mesothelioma diagnosis

If a large amount of fluid is present, abnormal cells can be found by cytology, by aspirating the fluid with a syringe. In cases of pleural fluid it is carried out by a pleural tap or chest drain, in peritoneal fluid, with an ascitic drain or paracentesis, and in a pericardial effusion with pericardiocentesis. Although, the absence of malignant mesothelioma cells in cytology does not totally rule out mesothelioma cancers, it even makes it more improbable, particularly when there can be an alternate diagnosis, such as tuberculosis, heart failure.

When cytology is comfirmed or a plaque is considered as suspicious, a biopsy is then further needed to confirm a mesothelioma diagnosis. A mesothelioma doctor extracts a specimen of tissue for investigation under a microscope by a pathologist. A biopsy can be carried out in various ways, based on the location of the abnormal area. If the mesothelioma cancers is located in the chest, the mesothelioma doctor can carry out a thoracoscopy. Using this technique, the mesothelioma doctor incises a little cut through the chest wall and passes a thin, tube known as a thoracoscope into the chest through two ribs. The thoracoscopy precedure helps the mesothelioma doctor to be able to view the inside of the chest and extract tissue specimens.

Cytology examines the pleural fluid for malignant cells. Some medical practitioners regards this option as limited in mesothelioma diagnosis, because uncomfirmatory examination account for about 85% of all fluid test. Even when there is a comfirmatory fluid report, most doctors will still carry out a confirmatory tissue biopsy in as much as does not negatively affect the patient's well being.

If it is mesothelioma cancers of the abdomen, the mesothelioma doctor can carry out a laparoscopy. To obtain tissue for examination, the doctor also incises a little cut in the abdomen and passes a specified instrument into the cavity of the abdominen.

Mesothelioma diagnosis of pleural effusion

Mesothelioma diagnosis of pleural effusion is often achieved using a simple chest x-ray, also CT scans or ultrasound can also be effective.

A special x-ray diagnosis, known as a lateral decubitus film, can be effective in detecting smaller effusions and to assist the mesothelioma doctor in calculating the amount of fluid.

If the main cause of the pleural effusion is already seen (an example, as in the condition of severe congestive heart failure), evaluation of the fluid may be unnecessary.

Nevertheless, because pleural effusion may a symptom of some other diseases ranging from benign to malignant, a fluid specimen is the usually done.

A diagnostic thoracentesis, whereby the cells are elimininated from the pleural cavity, is usually carried out on mesothelioma patients if there is the possibility of mesothelioma cancers.

Moreover, in around 85% of mesothelioma patients, the fluid have often times tested negative or uncomfirmatory despite the fact that there is the presence of mesothelioma cancers.

A CT scan, MRI, positron emission tomography (PET), or an ultrasound can be performed also at this time. They often times referred to as imaging techniques.

These imaging techniques can be used and their value in diagnosing and assessing mesothelioma is also very high.

The use of imaging techniques in mesothelioma diagnosis has been proved useful following the mesothelioma patients previous history. Although, these imaging techniques have been very helpful in the diagnosis of the possibility of mesothelioma cancers, comfirmatory diagnosis is still usually ascertained using fluid diagnosis or tissue biopsy.

It is ultimately a needle biopsy of the pleura (lining of the lung) or an open surgical biopsy which confirms a mesothelioma diagnosis.

Diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma

When a patients show to a doctor, complaining of pain in the chest and/or difficulty in breathing, the doctor must find out a detailed history from that patient, history about symptoms, everything about his work history, and any possibility of exposure to asbestos.

A physical examination must be carried out, and the patient recommended for a chest x-ray at the first instance.

Typical abnormalities observed on the chest x-ray in patients with malignant mesothelioma are a pleural effusion (an accumulation of fluid in the pleura space or cavity), or thickening of the pleura.

If the chest x-ray shows observable signs of malignant mesothelioma, it is then possible that further evaluations and analysis will be recommended, particularly if compensation may be sought. These evaluations may include other imaging techniques, bone scans, blood tests, and lung-function tests, in addition to that, more invasive procedures which includes thoracentesis, pleuroscopy, thoracoscopy, or a biopsy of the lung.

The reasons for these evaluations and analysis is to give a confirmatory diagnosis, to ascertain the kind of mesothelioma, the stage of the mesothelioma cancers (measured by its severity), and in order to determine if the mesothelioma cancers is operable.

A mesothelioma diagnosis is most usually gotten with careful evaluation of clinical and radiological discoveries, in addition to a confirmatory tissue biopsy. Evaluations from examinations of x-rays, and tests for lung function are of importance too. A CT scan or MRI may be used also at this time.

Imaging Techniques and Their Value in mesothelioma Diagnosis

The use of imaging techniques in mesothelioma diagnosis has been proved useful following the patients previous history. Although, these imaging techniques have been very helpful in the diagnosis of the possibility of mesothelioma cancers, comfirmatory diagnosis is still usually ascertained using fluid diagnosis or tissue biopsy.

Survival rates increases with chemotherapy combination

The survival rates of mesothelioma patients have increased with the combination of two or more chemotherapy drugs. Many research centers and organizations have discovered that there is an improvement when these drugs are combined together. For example, in the study of mesothelioma patients who uses pemetrexed and cisplatin, and patients who uses cisplatin alone, the rate of survival for mesothelioma patients with the combination is higher.

There is no cure for mesothelioma cancers but certain improvements are being made to help patients survive through this disease. Mesothelioma cancer as known to be a rare cancer is very aggressive and it affcts the heart, lungs, and stomach. The lungs is the most common of them all.

Many researchers all over the world have gone through series of clinical trials to confirm this combination use and they all come out with the same answer YES.

Although, the symptoms presented by mesothelioma patients differ, and mesothelioma soctors also try to handle these symptoms in special ways. Mesothelioma doctors have many responsibility. They cover integrative, palliative, and symptoms management. So when symptoms present themselves, the mesothelioma doctors already know where it is coming from and they try to eliminate it. This elimination is important because it affects the general health of the patient.

Take for instance a mesothelioma patient who has no appetite, mesothelioma doctors for sure know that the patients needs lot of food to help him fight through. Therefore the management of that symptom comes in.

Patients take in liquid food, take a lot of water, and many other procedures.

Basically, the use of chemotherapy treatment of mesothelioma has proven to be effective, and therefore the need to greatly improve on this method.

The symptoms that show in mesothelioma cancers are fatigue, pain, loss of appetite, cough, and many others are the case may be. The symptoms don't show all of a sudden. They present themselves in a stylish way, giving room for tolerance until it begins to have serious effect on the health of the patient.

Mesothelioma survival addresses patients

A mesothelioma survivor called Paul Kraus gave a speech to other mesothelioma patients about how he got healed. This presentation helped a lot of mesothelioma patients to develop hope that they can still get better.

One of the most important things in medicine is the ability of a patient to fight back in his spirit, once they give up, treatment measure most often don't work.

Paul Kraus was a man who had lost all hope about getting well from his mesothelioma cancers, because of the severity of his disease. He was also given a few months to live, after he received his positive mesothelioma diagnosis in 1997.

But despite all the worst reports around him, he didn't give up. He continued to approve different integrative, experimental, holistic therapies.

He also went through a lot of clinical trials to enable the discovery of better treatment ways.

All these he did, and today after 10 years, he can say he was happy he didn't give up all hope. This encouragement also goes to all mesothelioma patients that are in a critical state in their mesothelioma cancer. All hope is not lost, you can still make it out of there.

These are the kind of stories that should be told to people with mesothelioma cancers, because it helps build their resistance emotionally. When they hear and listen to such stories, their spirit gets revived, and they stay alive to fight back the disease.

Paul Kraus is a living example of that, and that has made him an encouragement to many other mesothelioma patients.

The symptoms, and severity of pleural mesothelioma vary with the stage of the disease, and it also vary with prior treatment. So if you think all pleural mesothelioma patients die, then you have to think again. There are facts that shows that a good percentage of them live to see new years and decades.

Take a close look at the situation with Paul Kraus, he had just a few months to live, but he turned that few months into a time to struggle. He wanted to die struggling, not like someone who died without doing something about it.

For all mesothelioma patients, the struggle does not end...it continues.

MARF supports ban asbestos in US

The Ban Asbestos in American Act of 2007 have gotten the support of the mesothelioma community and mesothelioma patients at large. There have been explanation on the mportant of this Ban because the use of asbestos poses a threat to the American lives.

Also the important of asbestos are numerous because it is a good material for many things, but in as much as it harms lives than do good to lives, then the US considers it as not acceptable.

The Senator Patty Murray was the frontier in the execution of this ban, and she is fully supported by the mesothelioma patients, and the community.

The numer of families that have died as a result of exposure to asbestos are too many. It is first the problem of asbestos workers, and then it becomes the problem of family memeber, because workers go home with their clothes, and unknowingly the family inhale the substance.
From there is becomes the problem of residents, and people living around factories and mines. All these put together show how harmful and dangerous this asbestos is.
It goes into the system, and forms a settlement, and then it continues to spread in a malignant way over a period of 20 years or more. And when you think you can be someone in live, the mesothelioma cancer surfaces and then you are faced with decisions of life and death. Most of the decisions are usually death.

There were also many testimonies about this deadly substance. One of them is the wife of former congress man Bruce Vento, whose husband died having mesothelioma cancers in 2000. He died 10 months after his diagnosis of mesothelioma.

Presently, Vento now serves as one of the Board of directors of the Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation (MARF).

As said this malignant mesothelioma cancer spread throught the infected site painfully and aggressively, until it finaly destroys the organ.

The estimate of mesothelioma patients that die in a year is around 3,000, and the ban could significantly reduce this number if properly executed.

This foundation have received many awards over the years, and they are committed to finding a lasting and reliable solution to the case of mesothelioma.

They provide all mesothelioma resources that patients ned, and if you need help they are right at your service.

Illegal asbestos removal results in jail time

A certain man was jailed because of illegal removal of asbestos. This man called Dylan Starnes, being an employee of an Environmental Contracting company based in Atlanta, was sentenced to a jail time of 33 months, with also an additional 3 years probation for the improper removal of asbestos from a housing site on St. Thomas.
Additionally, he must also be liable to pay cost of treatment or medical expenses incurred by people who were exposed to the asbestos.
This sentence was given on the 27th July, 2007.

A man called Cleve Allan George hired Dylan Starnes who is a licenced asbestos contractor to manage the remediation of about 220,00 square feets of asbestos. He is also to manage the air pollution in the project. All these are to be carried out under the normal procedure required by the federal regulations for asbestos removal.
Both men mentioned above were guilty of not carrying out the job, and overseeing of the project, and they are to serve jail time for that reason.

Again both men exposed a lot of asbestos into the atmosphere thereby endangering the lives of people around.

The exposure of this substance causes mesothelioma cancers and many other asbestos related disease. Mesothelioma cancers is the most common among these asbestos related disease, and all those who have inhaled it tend to start showing signs and symptom after many years, as from 20 and above.

You can be sure that the treatment of mesothelioma is very expensive hence the payment of medical expenses by the people who caused the pollution.

Treatment of mesothelioma vary with severity and this has made many mesothelioma patients to choose among varieties of these treatment ways.

Mesothelioma patients who develop this disease then get to put them in a state of clinical trials. It is adviced that mesothelioma patients participate because it further helps other victims to determine the real treatment suitable for them.

Mesothelioma patients now have the opportunity to choose from these treatment ways and thereby get an improved and advanced treatment. This is the situation in which many unfortunate patients find themselves as a result of the carelessness, and greediness of asbestos contractors, and other people who manage asbestos.

Combination of Alimta/Platinum comfirmed active

The combination of Alimta/Platinum have been confirmed active in the treatment of mesothelioma. This combination provides a better treatment for mesothelioma patients.
Chemotherapy is a mesothelioma treatment suitable for mesothelioma patients. This aggressive mesothelioma treatment has been used over time, but recently the combination of Alimta and Platinum have greatly increased the efficiency of the treatment.

There are many chemotherapeutic drugs that can be used for treatment but the most effective have be proven to be Alimta/Platinum combination.

All these are to further improve the severity and fatality of mesothelioma cancers.
There is no cure for mesothelioma but there are measures to effectively reduce its effect. There are also many effects of mesothelioma chemotherapy, but they can be suppressed and controlled by proper and active control measures.

The rate at which this mesothelioma cancer develops in the body is alarming. Its spread is very rapid and that's why it is named malignant mesothelioma. Also mesothelioma grows in 3 main parts of the body, which are the heart, abdomen, and the lungs.

The lungs is the most commmon, and the success rate of Alimta/Platinum drug is impressive.

Also, you must know that chemotherapy is not the only integrative mesothelioma treatment, there are also many others.

The others includes the radiation therapy, and surgery. All these mesothelioma treatments methods have their different success rate, and they are also used for specific parts of the mesothelioma cancers growth.

Symptoms also vary with these different mesothelioma cancers. This mesothelioma is known depending on which part it grows. In the lungs, it is called Pleural mesothelioma, in the heart, it is called caudial mesothelioma, and in the abdomen it is called peritoneal mesothelioma.

But take note that better treatment can be achieved when the various ways are combined. Such as the combination of surgery and radiation therapy, or chemotherapy and surgery.

The survival rate of this cancer all varies, and it has been improving since the use of the Alimta/Platinum chemotherapeutic drug.

Clean-up plan for debris of steam pipe explosion

There are many procedures and plan for the total clean-up of the area, in order to make it safe for residents and workers in that area.

The many plans of the clean-up include keeping of windows closed if you live in the frozen zone, and swiitching on air-conditioners in order to recirculate the air inside, so that ait from outside will not come in.

Also those who have been in contact with the explosion or around the explosion should have a shower, and dump their clothes in a plastic bag for disposal.
Certainly, the clothes are not fit to be worn anymore.

There have been ocassions where workers of asbestos come home with their clothes, and thereby other members of the family have developed the mesothelioma cancers from there. All these are to warn people about the safety measures to be taken in order not to get into a problem that will result to death in the near future.

Also, mesothelioma cases have been on the increase because there are still many illegal asbestos users, who intentionally diffuse these substances into the atmosphere, and those who are not inhale much of these air, and many years later, they fal short for mesothelioma cancers.

Also, those who are travelling in the direction of the steam pipe explosion have been adviced to take different directions to their destination.
This simply is to reduce the mesothelioma cases from getting to a despicable amount. If you are wise enough, you wil follw the orders, and consequently save you live from mesothelioma cancers.

Closed down have been put on major roads leading to the explosion site, in order to keep people away. This is because many people will still want to do what is not right, by oving toward the affected area.

The fataliy of Pleural mesothelioma should be enough to scare people away, but itis not.
Pleural mesothelioma is a type of the mesothelioma cancer and having this put you in a position of life and death. You ould know for sure that if you don't want this pleural mesothelioma haunting you for the rest of your life... stay away from te affected area.

Alo the department of building and many other organizations are in charge to keep the losses low.

Diagnosis and accuracy of test

There are actually many diagnosis you might have to take, as mesothelioma patients, but the affirming, and best confirmatory mesothelioma diagnosis is tissue biopsy. Listed below are some of the diagnostic procedures a mesothelioma doctor will recommend, and the conclusions of such procedures.

X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs

Using conventional x-ray film, mesothelioma cancers show as a thick, and irregular pleural-based deposition that covers the surface of the pleural. The mesothelioma cancers usually engulfs the lung involved, but is not commonly seen on both sides. There could be mesothelioma cancers invasion seen on the chest wall, diaphragm, and mediastine in severe cases. There is usually normal, or abnormal pleural effusion seen at the side affected the most. Using CT scan, the thickening of the pleural is more than 1 cm, and it is usually diagnosed in more than 90% cases; pleural thickening that spreads to the interlobular fissure is observed in about 85% cases. When there is no pleural thickening, then that doesn't avert mesothelioma cancers, and sometimes, pleural effusion is the only thing that CT finds.

Tumor markers

Tumor markers are methods used by oncologist in mesothelioma diagnosis. The tumor markers are usually found in fluids of the body like urine, and blood. This mesothelioma diagnosis method can not be used for comfirmatory diagnosis, but can be very helpful in mesothelioma diagnosis. Other non-cancerous tumors can also cause changes in these tumor markers, hence, it is not a definitive diagnostic procedure. The best method for mesothelioma cancers diagnosis still remain biopsy, therefore the probable presence of these tumor markers in both benign and malignant mesothelioma may increase its efficiency. There are still speculations if tumor markers will be effective in early detecting of mesothelioma cancers, because several mesothelioma doctors may feel that these markers are not directly useful in the detection of the mesothelioma cancers at their early stage. But there are some tumor markers which can confirm the severity of certain cancers.

Furthermore to being used for mesothelioma diagnosis, tumor markers are really needed in examining mesothelioma patients response to mesothelioma treatmnets. If there is a reduction in marker level, it means it is a sign of positive response to mesothelioma treatments. In contrast, if it is increasing, it means a sign of non-responsiveness to mesothelioma treatments, and also a recurrence sign in mesothelioma patients, undergoing mesothelioma treatments. Nevertheless, cases exist whereby the marker increases as a result of tumor destruction by mesothelioma treatments.

Tumor markers are usually seen as proteins in blood, tissue, or urine. In order to recognise them, certain antibodies to different proteins are injected into the blood, tissue, or urine and then the reaction is taken note of. Certain changes can mean the existence of certain cancers. There exist so many particular markers that mesothelioma doctors know, and research are going on in order to discover more markers. Also, mesothelioma doctors are making use of DNA analysis, thereby learning new gene presentations which may be seen in tumor markers.

A few of the common tumor markers used by mesothelioma doctors are prostate-specific antigen.

Ct and pet diagnosis

For mesothelioma patients who will be undergoing aggressive mesothelioma treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiation, an exact clinical mesothelioma staging is most vital.

Integrated CT/PET imaging offers a relatively new procedure in this regards, and it has the best imaging technique for the determination of surgical eligibility. By adding up the advantages of CT and PET into a single scan, this technique will more precisely determine the stage of mesothelioma cancer, and will determine the best treatment procedure for the mesothelioma patients.

CT scans singly are able to define fliud accumulations, with also the thickening of the pleura, calcification of the pleural, thickening of interlobular fissures, or the possibility of chest wall invasion by mesothelioma lung cancer.

However, CT cannot give a clear difference between alterations related to benign asbestos disease( often known as pleural disease, or give a clear difference between mesothelioma lung cancer and another disease of the lung such as adenocarcinoma of the lung that might have spread to the pleura.

But CT scans may prove very valuable in aspiring pleural masses using fine needle for the purpose of mesothelioma diagnosis.

Positron emission tomography (PET)

Singly, PET imaging is presently turning out to be an important part of mesothelioma diagnosis and mesothelioma evaluation.

PET scans are very expensive compared to other types of imaging technique listed above, and usually, they are not often covered by insurance, which implies that such scans are not readily available for average mesothelioma patients, but they are presently considered to be the best in mesothelioma diagnosis of tumour sites, and also the most superior technique in the determination of mesothelioma stages.

Despite both of their advantages in the diagnostic procedure, they cannot in any way be compared to the combination of the technique.

General mesothelioma diagnosis

Mesothelioma asbestos lungsA mesothelioma diagnosis is most usually gotten with careful evaluation of clinical and radiological discoveries, in addition to a confirmatory tissue biopsy. The patients medical history is looked into, with regards to any exposure to asbestos, and also examined physically using x-rays, and tests for lung function. A CT scan or MRI may be used also at this time. Imaging techniques and their value in diagnosing and assessing mesothelioma. The use of imaging techniques in mesothelioma diagnosis has been proved useful following the patients previous history. Although, these imaging techniques have been very helpful in the diagnosis of the possibility of mesothelioma cancers, comfirmatory diagnosis is still usually ascertained using fluid diagnosis or tissue biopsy.

Here are some of the commonly used imaging techniques:

1. X-ray. In pleural mesothelioma, x-ray can unfold pleural effusion which is enclosed to either the right (60%) or left (40%) lung. Occasionally, a mass can be seen.

2. Computed tomography (CT). CT scans are also use for defining pleural effusion, thickening of the pleura, calcification of the pleura, or for chest wall invasion, in pleural mesothelioma. CT, however, cannot differentiate the alterations related to benign pleural disease, or differentiate between mesothelioma cancers and lung adenocarcinoma.

3. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI scans are often times aimed at determining the size of tumor. They have also shown to be more accurate than CT scans in the evaluating the expansion of the mediastinal lymph nodes, and also getting a clear diaphragmatic surface, both of which are very vital in surgical candidacy.

4. Positron emission tomography (PET). PET imaging is presently becoming a vital part of mesothelioma diagnosis and evaluation. PET scans are very expensive, buy they are presently considered the best in stage determination of mesothelioma cancers, and the best in tumour sites diagnosis.

Mesothelioma mediastinoscopy

Mediastinoscopy is a technique which examines the mediastinum, which is the chest centre in order to view whether the mesothelioma cancers has spread there. The mediastinum consists of:
1. The heart - The major blood vessels;
2. Lymph nodes - The oesophagus (foodpipe).

In some cases of pleural mesothelioma cancers, there are enlarger lymph nodes in the chest.

In pleural mesothelioma cancers, a general anaesthetic is administered to mesothelioma patients for this technique and therefore mesothelioma patients must stay at least a night in the hospital. Here, the mesothelioma doctor makes a small incision at the base of the neck. Then a small tube is passed through the incision and straight into the mediastinum. The mesothelioma doctor is then able to view through this tube to examine the mediastinum. Usually, the tube contains a small video camera, in order for the mesothelioma doctor to be able to view the mediastinum area on a monitor. Tissue specimens may also be extracted from mesothelioma patients, which will later be investigated under a microscope to see whether there are any cancerous cells.

On waking up from sleep, you will discover you have a small dressing over the incision from where the tube was passed in. Be free to say anything about the way you are feeling, because there are nurses are there to observe any responses you may exhibit. The doctors will be also be pleased to administer you a pain relief.

After getting over the general anaesthetic, you may be allow to go home, or discharged. The period of time of stay in the hospital for this may most likely be a few days after the test have been carried out.